Comparing San Francisco’s Airports: Which One is Best?
San Francisco International Airport is your best all-around option, but there are others. Read on to discover which San Francisco airport makes the most sense for you.
If you’re traveling to or from the San Francisco Bay Area, you may have noticed a few different airport options. SFO, San Francisco’s main airport, OAK, a smaller airport across the bay in Oakland, and SJC, the airport in San Francisco’s city-to-the-south, San Jose, all service the Bay Area. We even have a small, private-jet-only airport, CCR in Concord — an area east of the city.
After moving to the Bay Area five years ago, I’ve learned that the best airport to fly in and out of will largely depend on what part of The Bay you want to visit — especially since high taxi / Uber costs between Bay Area cities could easily wipe out any savings you may have scored by flying into a particular airport.
To help you decide where to fly to and from, here’s a comparative breakdown of San Francisco’s airports:
The Main Hub: San Francisco International Airport (SFO)
As the largest airport serving San Francisco and the Bay Area, SFO is the most likely airport for travelers to fly in and out of. Servicing over 55 airlines, both international and domestic, it is accessible by multiple forms of transportation from all areas of The Bay.
Generally, SFO is the best choice for travelers because it has:
- Multiple international and domestic terminals, with a wide range of routes serviced
- Easy access to San Francisco, as well as the South, East, and North Bays via public transit, taxis, and Ubers/Lyfts
- Quick TSA and customs lines supporting Global Entry and Mobile Passport
- Clean and modern terminals, with quality food and dining options
Flight Options From SFO
SFO isn’t just the Bay Area’s largest airport, it’s also one of the largest hubs on the west coast — third only to LAX and Denver. Which means: options. With over 130 direct international and domestic destinations serviced by SFO, travelers can usually find affordable and convenient flights to most large hubs across North America, Australia, Asia, and even Europe.
However, 40% of the flights out of SFO are operated by United. Which could be a good or bad thing, depending on your feels towards United. After United, Alaska Airlines, which has been voted as one of the best domestic airlines by Forbes, and one of the most fuel-efficient (yay, environment!), operates the second largest number of flights out of SFO.
Although large, SFO, like San Francisco, doesn’t feel large or difficult to navigate. All of the terminals, the rental car station, and the BART, are connected pre-security by an easy to navigate air-tram. Once you’ve cleared security — which usually takes under 20 minutes, especially with TSA pre-check — you can easily walk to your gate.
Further, all of SFO’s terminals are clean, have free airport-wide wifi, and are well-serviced by quality food and dining options, as well as several lounges. Terminal 2 even has a free yoga room and exhibits from the SFMOMA. Overall, SFO is a better-than-average airport to get stuck in for a few hours.
Transportation To & From SFO
SFO is the best airport to use if you’re trying to get to San Francisco proper, but it’s also pretty easy to access from other parts of The Bay. However, the further east or south you go, the more likely it’ll make sense to opt for Oakland or San Jose, assuming flight price and times are equal.
SFO is the easiest, quickest, and cheapest airport to access from San Francisco:
- Taxi/Uber/Lyft: Will take about a 20-30 minutes. A private taxi/Uber/Lyft will cost around $30-40, but a shared Uber Pool or Lyft Line is around $15-25.
- BART: San Francisco’s local train, costs $8.50 per person, one-way, and takes around 45 minutes.
Getting to/from Oakland, Berkeley, and other parts of the East Bay is either expensive or time-consuming — especially during rush hour.
- Taxi/Uber/Lyft: Can take anywhere from 30 minutes to 1+ hours, depending on where in the East Bay You’re headed. It’ll cost around $20-40 (shared) or $40-80 (not shared).
- BART: BART is more affordable than a taxi/Uber, and during rush hour it can sometimes even be faster. Most East Bay stops cost around $9-11 one way and take around 45 mins – 1.5 hours.
Some south bay cities are just as easy, or easier, to get to as San Francisco. But the further south you go, the more it makes sense to fly into SJC.
- Taxi/Uber/Lyft: Palo Alto is about 20-25 minutes from SFO and Ubers/Taxis can cost anywhere from $15-40. For San Jose, which is 36 miles south of SFO, it’s around 45 mins – 1 hour, depending on traffic. An Uber/Taxi can cost between $28-50.
- Public Transit: The South Bay is also accessible by CalTrain. Just take the BART one stop to Millbrae, then change to CalTrain. A one-way trip should cost you about $11 and 50 minutes for Palo Alto, or $13.30 and 1.5 hours for San Jose.
Headed to Marin, Santa Rosa, or other areas of the North Bay? The Marin Airporter bus is your best bet for public transportation. It costs around $22 per person, each way. Children 12 and under travel for free with an adult. Travel can be anywhere from 45 minutes – 1.5 hours.
Wherever you’re going, try to plan your arrival or departure flights to avoid rush hour. A 6am Uber to the airport will be both faster and cheaper than a 8am car ride. Also, if you’re traveling solo or with one other person, opt for a Uber Pool or Lyft Line to cut down on your transportation costs — especially if you’re headed south or east.
The Budget Hub: Oakland International Airport (OAK)
Located just across the Bay Bridge from both San Francisco and SFO, Oakland international airport (OAK) is much smaller than SFO and has fewer flight options. However, it is a great airport option for travelers who:
- Want to fly a budget airline, such as Norwegian Air or Southwest
- Are traveling to/from Berkeley, Oakland, or other parts of The East Bay
- Prefer a smaller and easier to navigate airport
- Don’t mind having fewer amenities
For its size, Oakland has quite a few direct route options, but mostly on budget airlines — especially on Southwest, which operates more flights out of Oakland than any other airline. Additionally, you’ll find lots of availability on budget airlines Norwegian and Spirit, as well as non-budget airlines like American, Alaska, and Hawaiian.
Across all airlines, Oakland mostly services domestic airports, but there are a few international destinations across Europe and Mexico. Given that Norwegian operates out of Oakland there are (surprise surprise!) direct flights to various parts of Scandinavia. However, there are no direct flights to Asia or Canada — though you can usually find connecting flights via Seattle, LA, or Portland.
With only two terminals, Oakland International is very small and easy to navigate. Getting through TSA and customs is pretty painless, with TSA wait times usually hovering between 5-20 minutes. In the customs line, they accept Global Entry at Oakland, but they do not currently have Mobile Passport available.
Compared to SFO, Oakland’s food and dining options are a little lackluster. However, they are undergoing some pretty serious renovations in 2019, so *fingers crossed* that will change in the near future.
Overall, so long as you’re OK sacrificing a little comfort to save money on air travel, Oakland has everything you need, is more convenient to get to from Berkeley and Oakland, and is, generally, less crowded than SFO.
Transportation To & From OAK
In 2014, Oakland International Airport opened its Coliseum-Oakland line and now has direct access by BART, making it much easier and more affordable to access by public transportation. By BART, here are estimates for cost and time of a one-way trip to Oakland Airport:
- Berkeley (downtown): 41 minutes, $9.30
- Oakland: 27 minutes, $8.35
- San Francisco (Powell St): 40 minutes, $10.95
During rush hour, BART is generally faster and cheaper than a taxi or Uber/Lyft. Outside of rush hour, you can expect the following cost and time of a one-way trip via Uber/Lyft.
- Berkeley (downtown): 20-35 minutes, $11-22 (shared) or $22-30 (not shared)
- Oakland: 15-20 minutes, $8-15 (shared) or $15-20 (not shared)
- San Francisco (Powell St): 25-40 minutes, $20-30 (shared) or $30-40 (not shared)
Taking BART? You’ll need to change trains at Coliseum stadium to access the “grey line” — which is less of a train line, and more of a back-and-forth service between Coliseum and Oakland airport.
The Silicon Valley Hub: Norman Y. Mineta San Jose International Airport (SJC)
Having lived in Berkeley and San Francisco, I’ve never found a flight cheap enough to persuade me to make the 1.5-2-hour long trek down to San Jose — which pretty much sums up most of San Francisco’s feelings about their airport to the south: not worth it.
Not only is it far away, but access to SJC isn’t cheap or quick. No matter where you’re coming from, or what form of transportation you choose, you’re looking at at least 1-2 hours of travel, just to get to the airport. And if you’re only saving $50-100 on airfare, it’s really not worth the extra time or cost.
However, if you’re trying to get to San Jose or other parts of the South Bay (Cupertino, Mountain View, Palo Alto), it’s either just as easy to get to as SFO, or easier. And, if you are able to find a ticket that’s significantly lower than those from SFO or OAK ($150+ cheaper), it might be worth it — if you’re up for the commute.
Only about 14 airlines operate out of SJC, with most flights serviced by either Alaska and Southwest. Most direct routes are domestic, with a few international flights to Tokyo, London, Beijing, and several airports within Mexico and Canada. However, SJC has been steadily adding airlines and routes to its list over the past couple of years, and there are plans to add more in the near future.
Most stand out, though, is that SJC ranks in the top 80% for on-time departures. Delay-free travel is always something to get excited about.
Like Oakland, San Jose is a small and easy-to-navigate two-terminal airport, yet it upholds good standards. “I’m really impressed with the quality of this airport. As Silicon Valley has grown, it has too. It’s a vast improvement of the small, outdated SJC from my childhood,” says San Jose native, Lauren Salisbury.
“The options for food and dining have grown over the years as well,” says Lauren. “San Jose Joe’s is a local business with a wide selection of food, there’s a cute, local Sharks sports bar, and they have Santa Cruz Wine Bar for a more elegant option as well.”
Its small size and number of passengers also make it easy to clear security and customs at SJC, with wait times for TSA normally hovering around 10-20 minutes. Security, however, tends to take longer for early morning flights (4am – 5am) and travelers could face wait times over 20 minutes for one of these flights.
Not surprisingly, San Jose caters to a large business traveler crowd, with clean and modern facilities, work stations throughout the airport, lots of outlets and charging stations, and free wifi in both terminals.
Transportation to/from SJC
Getting to downtown San Jose from SJC is either a quick, 10-minute car ride or a 15-minute train ride ($2.50 one-way).
Downtown San Francisco takes about an hour to reach by car (without traffic) and two hours by public transportation. A taxi/Uber/Lyft will cost between $50-70 (shared) or $70-85 (not shared), whereas public transportation will cost $17 each way.
Be careful not to confuse San Jose (SJC) with Costa Rica’s main international airport, also in San Jose (SJO).
For Airborne Elite: Concord, CCR
Most fliers will just have to choose between SFO, OAK, and SJC. However, there is one last airport in The Bay area worth mentioning: Concord (CCR), which is a departure point for semi-private jet flights by JetSuiteX, with direct flights to Los Angeles and Las Vegas.
Although it’s far (like, seriously far) from San Francisco by train or car, it’s pretty convenient from the East Bay and, (locals rejoice!) has free parking for travelers. Additionally, while you might spend a little extra time getting there, security and check in for JetSuiteX flights are very quick. You only need to arrive 30 minutes before your flight.
The airport itself is small, but has “a nice waiting area/lounge with free coffee, tea, and snacks,” says Tortuga Backpacks co-founder, Fred Perrotta, who gave JetSuiteX a test-run earlier this year. Overall, though, “I’d give them another shot if the ticket was competitive. I wouldn’t pay extra for it yet though,” says Fred.
San Francisco International Airport is your best all-around option, no matter where in the Bay you’re going to or coming from. Overall, it’s a well-serviced, clean, and easy to navigate airport — despite its size.
Oakland is easier to access for East Bay travelers, and generally has a lot of routes serviced by budget airlines like Southwest and Norwegian. If you can find a cheap flight, it’s worth it even for San Francisco-bound travelers to fly into to Oakland over San Francisco, especially now that they can get there by BART.
San Jose doesn’t really make sense unless your end/start destination is in the South Bay and/or you can find a flight affordable enough to warrant the additional cost and time it’ll take to get there. Even if you’re going to Palo Alto or Mountain View, SFO is often more convenient.